The History of Tea – Video Explained

History Of Tea

History Of Tea

Throughout an extended day spent roaming the forest in search of edible grains and herbs, the weary divine farmer Shennong by accident poisoned himself 72 occasions. However earlier than the poisons might finish his life, a leaf drifted into his mouth. He chewed on it and it revived him, and that’s how we found tea. Or so an historical legend goes a minimum of.

History Of Tea

Tea doesn’t truly remedy poisonings, however the story of Shennong, the legendary Chinese language inventor of agriculture, highlights tea’s significance to historical China. Archaeological proof suggests tea was first cultivated there as early as 6,000 years in the past, or 1,500 years earlier than the pharaohs constructed the Nice Pyramids of Giza. That authentic Chinese language tea plant is similar kind that’s grown world wide at present, but it was initially consumed very in a different way.

It was eaten as a vegetable or cooked with grain porridge. Tea solely shifted from meals to drink 1,500 years in the past when individuals realized {that a} mixture of warmth and moisture might create a fancy and diverse style out of the leafy inexperienced. After a whole bunch of years of variations to the preparation methodology, the usual turned to warmth tea, pack it into transportable muffins, grind it into powder, combine it with scorching water, and create a beverage known as muo cha, or matcha.

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Matcha turned so well-liked {that a} distinct Chinese language tea tradition emerged. Tea was the topic of books and poetry, the favourite drink of emperors, and a medium for artists. They might draw extravagant footage within the foam of the tea, very very like the espresso artwork you may see in espresso outlets at present. Within the ninth century throughout the Tang Dynasty, a Japanese monk introduced the primary tea plant to Japan.

The Japanese ultimately developed their very own distinctive rituals round tea, resulting in the creation of the Japanese tea ceremony. And within the 14th century throughout the Ming Dynasty, the Chinese language emperor shifted the usual from tea pressed into muffins to lose leaf tea. At that time, China nonetheless held a digital monopoly on the world’s tea bushes, making tea one of three important Chinese language export items, together with porcelain and silk. This gave China an amazing deal of energy and financial affect tea consuming unfold world wide.

That unfold started in earnest across the early 1600swhen Dutch merchants introduced tea to Europe in massive portions. Many credit score Queen Catherine of Braganza, a Portuguese noblewoman, for making tea well-liked with the English aristocracy when she married King Charles II in 1661. On the time, Nice Britain was within the midst of increasing its colonial affect and changing into the brand new dominant world energy. And as Nice Britain grew, curiosity in tea unfold world wide. By 1700, tea in Europe offered for ten occasions the value of espresso, and the plant was nonetheless solely grown in China.

The tea commerce was so profitable that the world’s quickest sailboat, the clipper ship, was born out of intense competitors between Western buying and selling firms. All have been racing to deliver their tea again to Europe first to maximise their earnings. At first, Britain paid for all this Chinese language tea with silver. When that proved too costly, they steered buying and selling tea for one more substance, opium. This triggered a public well being downside in China individuals turned hooked on the drug.

Then in 1839, a Chinese language official ordered his males to destroy huge British shipments of opium as a press release in opposition to Britain’s affect over China. This act triggered the First Opium Warfare between the 2 nations. Preventing raged up and down the Chinese language coast till 1842when the defeated Qing Dynasty ceded the port of Hong Kong to the British and resumed buying and selling on unfavorable phrases. The struggle weakened China’s world standing for over a century.

The British East India firm additionally wished to have the ability to develop tea themselves and additional management the market. So that they commissioned botanist Robert Fortuneto to steal tea from China in a covert operation. He disguised himself and took a dangerous journey by means of China’s mountainous tea areas, ultimately smuggling tea bushes and skilled tea staff to Darjeeling, India. From there, the plant unfold additional nonetheless, serving to drive tea’s speedy development as an on a regular basis commodity.

Right now, tea is the second most consumed beverage on the planet after water, and from sugary Turkish Rize tea to salty Tibetan butter tea, there are nearly as some ways of getting ready the beverage as there are cultures on the globe.

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